With an overwhelming majority of Americans, Europeans, and other developed country nationals among Nobel Laureates, other states remain virtually unnoticed, although they also work for humanity. Sputnik reviewed the achievements of Nobel laureates from emerging countries in the last five years. Nobel Week ended on Monday. The majority of the 12 winners are predictably made up of scientists from developed countries, six of whom were American, while Canada, France, the United Kingdom and Japan were represented by one person each. However, this year, the Nobel Peace Prize was won by a Congolese and an Iraqi.
Defenders of rape victims in wartime Congo and Iraq
Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for "their efforts to stop the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war", the citizens of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Iraq, scenes of the many contemporary conflicts, Gynecologist Denis Mukwege and human rights activist Nadia Murad know first-hand the vulnerability of human rights in areas of hostilities.
Mr Mukwege, 63, has dedicated his life to helping and defending victims of sexual violence in war. He and his team have saved thousands of people affected by these crimes, says the Nobel Committee. In 2013, he had already been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Physician Denis Mukwege, Nobel Peace Prize winner, has helped the victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Dr. Mukwege and his staff have treated thousands of patients who have fallen victim to such assaults. pic.twitter.com/9CrNWfj7zu
– The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) 5 октября 2018 г.
Nadia Murad, 25, has herself been a victim of war crimes, including rape and slavery, committed by Daesh * like thousands of Yazidi women in Iraq. In 2016, she became a goodwill ambassador for the UN.
Nadia Murad, awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, is the witness who tells the perpetration of perpetration against herself and others. She has shown her courage in recounting her own sufferings and speaking on behalf of other victims. # NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/NeF70ig09J
– The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) 5 октября 2018 г.
The peacemaking President who brought peace to Colombia
In 2016, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Juan Manuel Santos, Colombian President of the time, for his "determined efforts" to bring peace to his country, where the war between the government and the militia of the Armed Forces Revolutionaries of Colombia (FARC) lasted more than 50 years.
In September 2016, Sanos and group leader Timoleon Jiménez signed a peace agreement, which launched the peace dialogue between Bogota and the rebels and their integration into Colombia's political system.
The one who defeated malaria in China
Chinese pharmacy researcher Youyou Tu has become the first Chinese Nobel laureate. In 2015, she was awarded the Medicine Prize for her discovery of artemisinin, a basic medicine of traditional Chinese medicine, made in the 1970s as part of a secret military project, which allowed for a serious advance. in the fight against malaria.
You are a substance called artemisinin, which can be used to treat malaria. Youyou not only found a way to extract artemisinin from a traditional Chinese medicine, she also tested the new drug on her to speed up development time. #YouYouGoGirl #NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/Wkgl9JltET
– The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) 7 июня 2018 г.
The Belarusian writer
The Nobel Committee has decided to award the 2015 Nobel Prize for Literature to Belarussian Svetlana Aleksievich for "her polyphonic work, a memorial of suffering and courage in our time". She became the first Nobel laureate Russian-language writer who was also awarded to Ivan Bounin (1933), Boris Pasternak (1958), Mikhail Cholokhov (1965), Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1970) and Joseph Brodsky (1978).
Aleksievitch's books discuss the Second World War, the Afghanistan War (1979-1989), the Chernobyl disaster, and the problems of Soviet society on the eve of the collapse of the USSR. In this, in the post-Soviet space, this writer's works face accusations of distorted history and the realities of life in the Soviet Union.
Children's rights activists in education in India and Pakistan
The fight for the right of children and young people to the education of the Indian Kailash Satyarthi and the Pakistani Malala Yousafzai was appreciated by the Nobel Committee who awarded the 2014 Peace Prize to these defenders of the human rights.
Kailash Satyarthi, a father of two, plays an important role in the fight against child labor in India. His charity Bachpan Bachao Andolan has helped more than 80,000 children from nearly 140 countries
The youngest Nobel laureate, 17 years old at the time of the nomination, Malala Yousafzai became famous after her article on life under the Taliban regime published in 2009 by the BBC. In 2012, she was injured by terrorists in connection with her work on women's rights
* Terrorist organization banned in Russia