"Manipulations of information", yes, but by whom?

The crisis of confidence in information feeds on fake news, but also on an informational war between powers. A Foreign Ministry report points to Russia, but is it solely responsible? Philippe-Joseph Salazar, specialist propaganda rhetoric returns on this document 200 pages to warn our fellow citizens of the dangers of fake news. It was enough for the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, sponsor of this report soberly entitled "The Manipulations of information: A challenge for our democracies". But perhaps it would have needed more, as this document is focused against the Russian media (Sputnik is mentioned 34 times), and ignores the informational bias of the Anglo-Saxon or French press. In any case, he points to the crisis of democracies and the ease offered by the Web to broadcast news, true, false or truncated.
To evoke the current information war between "the West" and Russia, of which this report is only an avatar, Rachel Marsden receives Philippe-Joseph Salazar, author of "Armed Words: Understanding and Fighting Terrorist Propaganda" ( Ed Lemieux Editor), and a professor at Cape Town Law School in South Africa, specializing in issues of terrorism, surveillance and propaganda rhetoric.