MP (LFI) François Ruffin denounced on Friday the blocking by deputies of the majority of a bill to improve l welcoming students with disabilities.
"This vote will stick to your skin like an infamy," said the member of France insubordinate Francois Ruffin, who published Friday, October 12 on his Facebook account the list of seventy deputies of the Republic in motion that would have "prevented that a debate be held on the status of carers for children with disabilities. Update on the progress of what was Emmanuel Macron's promise.
What happened in the Assembly?
The deputies on Thursday, October 11th retold a bill tabled by the Republicans for "the inclusion of students with disabilities", which provided for a reform of the status of accompanying persons. The Minister of Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, justified this refusal by highlighting "the path" already taken by the government on this subject, and the holding of a consultation to come.
"No one can decently look in the eyes of these families, these children, these adolescents, these companions and tell them that the urgency is elsewhere," had argued the MP Aurélien Pradié (LR, Lot), who defended this text. Rare, it is a member of the opposite side, François Ruffin, who came to his rescue at the other end of the chamber to denounce the refusal of parliamentarians to debate the proposed text: "You will vote a" motion of prior rejection "[…] that is, the discussion will not even take place. That the text will not even be examined. "
François Ruffin attacks MPs LRM: "I hope the country will not forgive you"
What is the situation of carers?
Jean-Michel Blanquer pointed out that at the beginning of the 2018 school year, "20,000 students [en situation de handicap] more than last year" were welcomed at the school. But the deputy of the Lot, the bearer of the bill, recalled his side that the needs had been multiplied by three in ten years. There are 340,000 students with disabilities attending school; among them, 175,000 students need support when there are only 110,000 accompanying adults. They often take care of several children, but many students remained unaccompanied in September (they were 3,500 in 2017, according to the group Citizen disability), recalled Aurélien Pradié.
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School struggles to adapt to children with disabilities
In particular, his proposed law provided for a single status of "accompanying person to school inclusion", which was better remunerated for these auxiliaries. Currently, they earn between 650 and 1 126 net euros per month for a full time (but this is rarely the case).
These employees, who are essential for the reception of handicapped children in the school, can be recruited according to two types of contracts:
the single-term integration contract (CUI), for a fixed period, reserved for people with specific difficulties in accessing employment, most often corresponding to school-related auxiliaries (AVS) and dependent on Pôle emploi; Support contract for students with disabilities (AESH), also for a fixed term, which aims to replace old contracts supported, and dependent on national education. A campaign promise Emmanuel Macron
"We will continue to encourage the regular schooling of many children today without any educational solution. We will give access to an auxiliary school life to all children with disabilities who need to have an education like the others, "promised Emmanuel Macron during the presidential campaign of 2017. The candidate of En marche ! then promised to "perpetuate these jobs and [de] stabilize them", as well as offer them "worthy compensation".
To meet these objectives, the government has created AESH contracts, which are fixed-term but can be converted into permanent contracts after six years. He is also committed to continuing the recruitment of new carers. The 2019 budget bill provides for the financing of 12,400 new accompanying jobs including:
6,400 additional support staff for the continuation of the transformation plan for AESH-assisted contracts, 6,000 additional AESH financed in 2019 (1,500 recruited at the end of 2018 and 4,500 recruited in 2019). the question will then be to "retain" the accompanying persons: according to the report of the national education mediator, Claude Bisson-Vaivre, published in June, "the public for an AVS contract is volatile, always likely to abandon his candidacy for a full-time, better paid job. " We must then restart the entire recruitment process.
Schooling for children with disabilities, an obligation
The law of February 11, 2005 creates the obligation of schooling for children with disabilities. The "reference" school must be that of the district, but the child may be enrolled in another school according to a "personalized schooling project" decided by an ad hoc institution, the Departmental House of Disabled Persons (MDPH). ). From this date, the number of children in ordinary environment increases, and the specific classes, called "ULIS", develop. In 2005, 7,062 children were enrolled in ULIS in middle school, today they are 34,762.
To alert children with disabilities who still do not have a school life assistant on that date, a day of action was scheduled on 19 September by the Collectif citoyen handicap. Meetings were to be held in front of all the MDPH as well as the rectorate of Lille.